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Karena Kita Semua Pernah Menggambar Dua Gunung dengan Sawah dan Matahari: Bagaimana Sekolah Membunuh Bakat Kreatif Kita

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ArenaWanita.com – Saat mencicipi mata pelajaran Geografi untuk pertama kalinya di bangku SMP, saya senantiasa bahagia saat Pak Guru mulai memohon kami buka atlas seraya beliau bergerak dari papan catat menuju peta dunia yg bergantung pada dinding.

Lihat luasnya dunia dalam lembaran-lembaran kertas memanglah menawan, lebih-lebih lagi ada satu hal yg senantiasa bikin saya penasaran : bagaimana bentuk benua Afrika dapat demikian pas jikalau disandingkan dengan Amerika Selatan, seperti puzzle.

Karena Kita Semua Pernah Menggambar Dua Gunung dengan Sawah dan Matahari Bagaimana Sekolah Membunuh Bakat Kreatif Kita

Sesudah demikian lama menaruh rasa penasaran, saya juga berkemauan kuat untuk ajukan pertanyaan pada Pak Guru :

“Pak, mengapa Afrika serta Amerika Selatan punyai kecocokan di salah satunya sisinya? Apa mereka dahulu satu benua? ”

Bukannya segera memberi jawaban, beliau terbahak-bahak — mungkin saja karna berasumsi pertanyaan saya lucu.

“Mana mungkin saja dua benua yg berlainan sempat menyatu? Gak sempat ada, Nak! ”

Saya juga mengangguk saja, karna seperti yg senantiasa di ajarkan pada saya, guru adalah orang yg paling benar. Baru bertahun-tahun lalu saya membaca berkenaan Pangaea, satu benua super yg terbuat 300 juta tahun yang saat lalu. Benua itu mulai pecah serta berubah 100 juta tahun waktu lalu sampai membuat bumi seperti saat ini. Nyatanya, benua Afrika serta Amerika Selatan memanglah sempat menyatu membuat Pangaea.

Pertanyaannya : mengapa boleh-boleh saja menurut Pak Guru untuk menertawai rasa penasaran muridnya (yg toh nyatanya berdasar pada kenyataan!), serta mengapa juga saya dapat begitu yakin kalau menghormati Guru adalah semuanya?

Mungkin saja Maksud Sekolah Bukanlah Untuk Mendidik Kita Jadi Pandai, Tetapi Cetak Manusia yg Gampang Ditata serta Sesuai sama Standard — Seperti Robot

Bukanlah salah guru Geografi saya seluruhnya jikalau beliau belum juga sempat mendengar nama Pangaea. Mungkin saja ia sangat konsentrasi pada materi kurikulum hingga tidak pernah mengeksplor materi Geografi yg berada pada luar buku teks. Yang saya sesalkan adalah beliau berasumsi menertawakan imajinasi yg ditelurkan peserta didiknya jadi hal yg boleh-boleh saja.

Terlalu ceria untuk menjadi robot.

Berapakah menit sich yg juga akan terbuang di kelas jikalau Pak Guru memohon saya menerangkan kenapa saya dapat punyai pertanyaan sekian? Padahal, dengan bahagia hati saya juga akan tunjukkan begitu cocoknya garis benua di bagian barat Afrika dengan bagian timur Amerika Selatan. Bukanlah hal mengagetkan kalau pembaca sempat juga alami peristiwa mirip dengan saya di bangku sekolah. Atau malah pembaca takut untuk ajukan pertanyaan pada guru, karna udah dididik demikian rupa untuk punya kebiasaan terima — tanpa ada banyak ajukan pertanyaan?

Dapat jadi, system pendidikan yg sekarang ini ada tdk didesain untuk bikin anak-anak didiknya jadi menginginkan tahu serta pandai. Mungkin saja system pendidikan ini lebih mempunyai tujuan melatih semuanya anak didik untuk dapat penuhi satu standard : standard berkenaan apakah itu murid teladan.

Di Indonesia, murid teladan bukan mereka yg rajin membaca, menginginkan tahu, serta berani ajukan pertanyaan atau mendebat guru. Murid teladan adalah mereka yg “patuh”, “kalem”, “sopan”. Murid teladan adalah mereka yg dapat menaati standard :

1. “Sopan”, taat serta penurut pada apa pun kata guru (sesaat banyak murid punyai rasa menginginkan tahu yg mengagumkan serta pemikiran yg gawat)

2. “Kalem”, sedikit bertanya. Belajar dengan mencatat pelajaran dengan cermat (sesaat banyak murid dapat menyerap pengetahuan dengan maksimum malah jikalau dibolehkan berdiskusi)

3. “Rapi”, dengan panjang rambut sampai warna sepatu yg udah ditetapkan serta tidak bisa dibantah

4. Punya bakat di bagian Matematika serta IPA. (Bakat beda seperti menulis serta bermusik adalah nilai plus, tetapi bakat di bagian sains adalah permata yg jadikan mereka lebih pandai dari murid-murid yang lain)

Murid yg tidak dapat penuhi standard ini adalah “nakal”, “bandel”, atau “bodoh”.

Memberlakukan standard sebetulnya bukanlah hal yg haram. Tidakkah dengan adanya ini beberapa birokrat dapat mengukur perubahan dunia pendidikan? Tetapi, apakah standard ini lalu mesti mengorbankan jiwa kreatif anak-anak kita? Apakah standard ini mesti membunuh kepribadian unik yg dipunyai semasing mereka?

Waktu Masih tetap TK/SD, Kita Senantiasa Menggambar Gunung Kembar Dengan Matahari serta Sawah. Mengapa Sekolah Tidak Mendorong Kita Berani Lain?

Berapakah banyak diantara kita yg menggambar sepasang gunung dengan matahari mengintip di tengahnya, dan aliran sungai atau jalan yg membelah sawah di bawahnya? Nyaris semuanya anak Indonesia yg sempat sekolah sempat menggambarnya. Mengapa?

Gambar Legendaris

Padahal, tdk semuanya anak Indonesia hidup di dekat ruang persawahan. Tidak semuanya dari kita untung punyai rumah dengan panorama gunung kembar. Dengan emosional, mungkin saja kita lebih dekat pada pantai, perbukitan tandus, atau bahkan juga lampu-lampu kota — oleh karena itu yg seringkali kita saksikan keseharian.

Tetaplah saja kita terasa harus menggambar gunung serta sawah. Karna semuanya kawan kita menggambar panorama yg sama, kita takut lain sendiri. Lagipula, arena guru kita tidak sempat membebaskan murid-muridnya untuk menggambar objek beda.

Tiap-tiap manusia lahir dengan kreatifitas alami semasing, tetapi sekolah seringkali melupakan realita itu. Anak dilatih untuk terasa malu waktu menginginkan jalankan hal yg berlainan dari kawan-temannya. Kepribadian mereka yg unik berniat ditekan. Bila tdk dapat? Katakan mereka bandel. Katakan mereka nakal. Katakan mereka sulit ditata!

Di Indonesia, Ulangan serta Ujian Didewakan. Anak Jadi Takut Berbuat Tidak berhasil, Tanpa ada Pernah Diarahkan Untuk Belajar dari Kegagalan

Anak terlahir dengan bakat intelegensia yg berlainan, kreatifitas yg lain, dan latar belakang sosial budaya yg lain juga. Kalau kita memberi mereka satu tes, yakinkan kalau maksud tes itu adalah memahami kekuatan mereka hingga kita ketahui mana yang perlu diperbaiki dalam system pendidikan kita. Bukannya jadi menakut-nakuti, meneror, atau menghukum mereka dengan sangsi sosial saat mereka tidak berhasil :

“Kalian jangan pernah nggak lulus UN ya! Ingin diposisikan dimana kelak muka sekolah kita? ”

Tapi ancaman ini tdk disertai dengan tuntunan sekolah untuk ambil pelajaran dari kegagalan kalau mereka memanglah mesti tidak berhasil. Tak ada sekolah yg katakan, “Tidak apa bila tidak berhasil, yg terutama kalian udah berupaya belajar. Bukannya toh masih tetap ada ujian ulangan serta kejar Paket-C? ”

Takut lakukan perbuatan salah bikin anak tidak mau berfikir apa yg dapat dia kerjakan jikalau kekeliruan berlangsung. Anak jadi lebih susah memutar otak serta bikin Plan-B. Anak tidak dilewatkan untuk mempersiapkan inspirasi orisinal jikalau suatu hal jalan tidak sesuai sama keinginan.

Hal yg mirip toh juga terulang dalam persoalan ulangan umum. Jika anak menuliskan jawaban yg salah di kertas ulangan, kita tidak selanjutnya menuntun mereka untuk sigap mencari jawaban yg benar. Tanpa ada diakui, system pendidikan yg begini sudah mematikan kreatifitas anak-anak.

Lantas, Apa yang Mesti Dirubah dari System Pendidikan serta Sekolah-Sekolah Kita?

Bahkan juga di Inggris ataupun Amerika, system pendidikan yg diaplikasikan manusia biasanya membuat mata pelajaran dengan hierarkis. Matematika senantiasa ada di urutan tertinggi, dengan jumlah yg banyak serta senantiasa di anggap terutama — bahkan juga seringkali jadi prasyarat kelulusan.

Ada yang salah

Di bawahnya ada pelajaran Bhs, lantas disertai pelajaran berbentuk budi pekerti. Kesenian senantiasa memperoleh jumlah paling kecil, serta nggak tidak sering di ajarkan saat jam sekolah udah nyaris selesai. Di Indonesia seni serta kebudayaan juga sering cuma di anggap jadi muatan lokal — sebatas untuk penuhi kurikulum.

Hierarki begini udah tidak relevan di jaman di mana ekonomi kreatif jadi lebih menggeliat. Sudah saatnya untuk mengajarkan pada anak kalau matematika, ekonomi, sains, bhs, sampai pelajaran computer serta kesenian adalah sama terutamanya.

Kita mesti juga hati-hati dalam memastikan standarisasi. Anak-anak yg dapat disekolahkan orangtuanya di sekolah-sekolah berkwalitas di kota udah nyaris tentu berlainan kekuatannya dengan anak-anak di pedesaan terpencil yg seringkali libur sekolah karna tidak ada guru. Tujuannya bukan kalau anak-anak di pedesaan ini bodoh — tujuannya adalah tdk adil untuk mengukur kekuatan mereka dengan tes yg sama, sesaat perhatian pemerintah pada mereka saja berbeda!

Kurikulum Senantiasa Dirubah Nyaris Tiap Kali Menteri Pendidikan Ditukar. Apakah yang Saat ini Juga akan Lebih Baik?

Nyaris setiap kali menteri pendidikan baru menjabat, senantiasa ada perubahan kurikulum untuk system pendidikan di Indonesia. Apakah benar ada perubahan riil yg di tawarkan oleh kurikulum-kurikulum baru, atau ini sekedar hanya perubahan kosmetik dengan kata lain ganti nama?

Mulai sejak duduk di bangku SD sampai SMA dahulu, mungkin saja anda udah mencicipi 2-3 kali perubahan kurikulum. Adakah ketidaksamaan vital yg anda rasakan? Sepanjang ini — tak tahu tidak perduli berapakah kali kurikulum bertukar — pada umumnya kita cuma rasakan hal yg sama : guru datang, berikan pelajaran, memberikan tugas latihan serta PR, dan terkadang ulangan jadi pelajari. Apa bedanya?

Jangan-jangan perubahan kurikulum yg demikian seringkali ini cuma jadikan kedok jadi ladang korupsi. Th. ini Menteri Anies Baswedan membatalkan aplikasi Kurikulum 2013. Bagaimana pengaruhnya dalam periode waktu ke depan, masih tetap mesti menanti saat.

System pendidikan yg sempat kita cicipi (serta saat ini tengah dienyam oleh anak, adik atau keponakanmu) berbentuk kaku serta linear, menyerupai seperti program-program yg cetak robot. Padahal masing-masing manusia, termasuk juga anda serta keluargamu, berbentuk organik serta tidak sempat dapat ditebak.

System yg kita aplikasikan sejauh ini memaksa anak didik untuk jalan di jalur kaku yg udah diputuskan. Meniti jalur yg berlainan bermakna pemberontak serta nakal.

Saat ini kita punyai PR besar : pikirkan prinsip seperti apa yg mestinya dimanfaatkan untuk mendidik generasi penerus. Apa pun itu, mesti ada pendekatan baru dalam memupuk kreatifitas anak, supaya sekolah dapat berhenti membunuhnya.

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